Measuring efficiency of Brazilian courts: one decade after
Ano: 2017 Código: WPE – 375 Autores/Pesquisadores:
Luciana L. Yeung
It is not uncommon for developing countries to present weak political institutions. They lack credibility, independence and, especially, efficiency. Among the most scrutinized institutions in these aspects is the Judiciary. Empirical evidence shows the impacts of judicial inefficiency on economic and social outcomes. This paper aims at measuring (in)efficiency of the Brazilian Judiciary and its dynamism in recent years (2009-2015).
We use DEA (Data Envelopment Analysis) and the Malmquist index to analyze efficiency and productivity change in Brazilian courts.
When the National Council of Justice was created in 2003, one of its goals was to boost judicial efficiency in Brazil; for this purpose, it mandated the creation of several statistics by local courts, which were compiled in annual reports. Our results show that, more than a decade after the publication of the first report (2004), local courts have substantially improved the discipline and the quality of data production. Yet, there is still room for progress. In terms of productivity, the picture has not changed much. Courts with top DEA rankings remain the same. Also, the Malmquist indexes show little improvement throughout the years.
As the quality of data production is yet to be considered perfectly adequate, caution is still required when interpreting the raw results of some units.